2,953 doping controls were conducted in Belgium in 2007, of which 131 were positive or 4.4%.
The Sports Medicine department of the Friedrich-Schiller-Universität in Jena did a cross-sectional analysis to collect reliable data about the doping problem and drug abuse in its region. The intention was to link possible interventional steps with scientific support. 2319 adolescents from 16 schools were interviewed, 43% admitted the use of prohibited substances. In addition, non-athletes used 5.0% more than recreational athletes and almost three times more than competitive athletes.
At the start of the tennis tournament Stade Français Paris-BNP Paribas Cup for 13 and 14 year olds, UNESCO Champion for Sport Justine Henin (1982-) warned the young players about the dangers and lure of doping. It was the first assignment of the Belgian former tennis champion in the context of her new position and one of the various awareness-raising initiatives organized by UNESCO.
In the German newspaper Passauer Neue Presse of June 2007, former German track cyclist Uwe Trömer (1963-) explained the GDR doping practices in cycling:
"We had complete confidence in our physicians and trainers who watched over us like a father. The pills they gave us looked like anti-baby pills, we often joked about them. They told us they were vitamins or proteins or products to regenerate, but we did not know it was 'Oral-Turinabol', the anabolic from Jenapharm, and documents that emerged after the Fall of the Wall showed that even the pralines they gave us were full of steroids. They experimented with us. We only became really suspicious when sports physician Heinz Löbl started injecting. We knew he was exaggerating, but we didn't dare say anything because otherwise we would be expelled from the team."
Uwe Trömer did not tolerate the injections, three weeks after the first injections he fell off his bike during training. But the coaches simply left him, he had to return to the gym on his own, where he was given the necessary care.
"The only thing they did was take a blood and urine sample. My urine was black, but they told me that I only had an infection. I was only allowed to leave when the doping traces disappeared from my urine. Three weeks later I ended up I at Erfhurt's hospital, where the doctor told me that I would have died if I had come in one day later. My lungs were full of water and pressed on my heart. My kidneys had failed. I still don't know what was in the syringes."
It immediately marked the end of his sporting career.
"Half a year ago I got a stroke. After rehabilitation I can speak normally again, but my balance sense is disturbed. Moreover, I have a fatty liver, which is normal after all those anabolics. I can work only six or seven days a month. I have sued the physicians, the case is still pending, but I am sure they will be sentenced."
Raymond Edwards (1985-) of the Minnesota Vikings, was suspended for four games because he had been on steroids. After his football career, he switched to boxing, in May 2011 he challenged the first of fourteen professional camps, of which he lost only one. After that last defeat at KO, that career also stopped.
Ricky Williams (1977-) played eleven seasons in the NFL. It was announced in May 2004 that he had tested positive after he had to pay a $ 650,000 dollar fine in December 2003 and was suspended for four games for using cannabis. On February 20, 2006, the NFL announced that Williams had delivered a positive doping test a fourth time and was suspended for it. When he returned to the Miami Dolphins in 2007, he was caught again in May of that year. He then started a rehab course in which he was unexpectedly checked several times a week. He also started practicing yoga, which he said releaved him from his marijuana addiction.
American Rodney Harrison (1972-) of the New England Patriots was suspended four games after he had informed federal inspectors about his hGH (human growth hormone) use. At his interrogation, Harrison revealed that he received a shipment of hGH just before the final of the 2004 Super Bowl.
In eleven years time, Ben Cousins (1978-) played 270 games in the Australian Rules Football League and he was selected six times for the All-Australian Team. But his career was overshadowed by drug use, which escalated to such an extent that the West Coast Eagles fired him in October 2007.
Jay Gibbons (1977-) of the Baltimore Orioles was accused of anabolic use by Jason Grimsley (1967-) and in 2007 he was mentioned in the famous Mitchell Report. A Florida pharmacy had delivered him several shipments of steroids and hgH. He was suspended for the first fifteen games of the 2008 season, but then performed so poorly that the Baltimore Orioles discarded him, despite having paid him twelve million dollars in the previous two years.
In May, relief pitcher Juan Salas (1978-) from the Dominican Republic received a suspension of fifty games from his team the Devil Rays, when it turned out that he had been on anabolics.
David Segui (1966-), the Cuban/American first baseman of the Baltimore Orioles, was designated as a user of the growth hormone hGH by teammate Jason Grimsley (1967-). Unlike most others, Segui was able to present a doctor's prescription because he needed the product to treat a diagnosed deficiency. But Segui also admitted that he used anabolic steroids when he was still playing for the New York Mets, which he bought from the notorious Kirk Radomski (1969-). For this he was included in the Mitchell Report.
After he was caught for the third time, Neifi Perez (1973-), an excellent defender from the Dominican Republic, got 80 matches from the Chicago Cubs. For his second mistake, he had to watch 25 games. The first suspension had cost him $ 396,175, the second $ 792,350, or a total amount of $ 1,188,525 for a salary of $ 2.5 million.
Paul Lo Duca (1972-), the catcher of the New York Mets, was named in the Mitchell report as a user of the human growth hormone hGH. Allegedly he bought the product for 3,200 Dollars from the famous steroid dealer and former coach Kirk Radomski (1969-). In addition, federal agents found handwritten notes from Lo Duca, which showed that he introduced many other baseball players to Radomski, such as Adam Riggs (1972-), Kevin Brown (1973-) and Matt Herges (1970-).
From 1988 to 2009, Gary Sheffield (1968-) played outfielder in Major League Baseball. In December 2007, he was named as a steroid user in the Michell Report. In an HBO television program, chemist Patrick Arnold (1988-) stated that Sheffield used the BALCO steroids. Arnold himself spent three months in prison.
Barry Bonds (1964-) played 22 seasons in the Major League Baseball, in which he became all-star fourteen times, won the Golden Glove eight times, was named Most Valuable Player seven times and held the MLB record for home runs with 762 pieces of which 73 in 2001, the largest number of home runs succeeded in one season. In 2007, in the BALCO scandal, he was accused of perjury and impediment to the judicial investigation because he had declared under oath that he had no knowledge of steroid use. In 2008, judicial investigation showed that he had tested positive for steroids in the past. All of this was the reason that despite his great performances he was never admitted to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
In October it was announced that American Mike Cameron (1973-) of the Milwaukee Brewers had to miss the first 25 games of the 2008 season after a second offense.
Tim Laker (1969-) from the Cleveland Indians was also mentioned in the Mitchell Report. That report gave a detailed description of the anabolic use in the sports world. In an interview with ESPN, Laker admitted that from 1995 to 1999 he had purchased decadurabolin and testosterone from Kirk Radomski (1969-) via his teammate David Segui (1966-).
"I took a wrong decision, I made a mistake, and all I can do now is to ask for forgiveness and to move on."
Canadian Éric Gagné (1976-) of the Boston Red Sox was named in the Mitchell Report as a user of hGH. He too bought the drug from the notorious steroids dealer Kirk Radomski (1969-). In 2009, during an interview with the Los Angeles Times, he apologized for not being able to speak openly about the event because it involved far too many people. One year later, in an interview with the same newspaper, he announced the use of the growth hormone hGH.
"Yes, I did it. I hate to talk about it, because no one is a winner in this story. My knee hurt and I thought it would help me feel better, but I don't want to use that as an excuse. ... I am so ashamed of myself It really wasn't great on my part. If I then knew what I know today ... I know I wouldn't need it I am so sorry I did it. ... it was stupid."
In his biography 'Game Over', that was published in September 2012, he claimed that 80% of the Dodgers used pharmaceutical products when he was still a member of that team.
During an interview with the American sports channel ESPN, Shane Monahan (1974-), outfielder and designated hitter at the Seattle Mariners, announced that he had used the anabolic steroids Deca-Durabolin and Winstrol during his career as well as amphetamines. In 1998, he started using steroids, which were the order of the day at the Mariners' clubhouse.
Ryan Franklin (1973-) and Glenallen Hill (1965-) of the Seattle Mariners refuted Monahan's insinuations.
Raúl Ibáñez (1972-) of the Seattle Mariners was also named but said:
"I am surprised that a man like Shane, who only occasionally drank a cup of coffee with us, would be able to know what was going on .... In ten years I have never seen anyone take steroids."
Edgar Martínez (1963-) of the Seattle Mariners also denied Monahan's claims:
"I don't know why Monahan tells this now, I was there for a long time and I never saw what he thought he had seen .... There is a lot going on in baseball ... But like I said, I was there for a long time and never saw it. "
Jamie Moyer (1962-) of the Philadelphia Phillies said:
"I can assure you that in ten years I have never seen anyone take steroids. This is my twentieth year in the Major League and I don't even know what steroids look like. If I have to start trusting those things after so many years of competition, it's time to leave. That's how I see it."
American Scot L. Pollard (1975-) played the 2007 NBA final with the Cleveland Cavaliers against the San Antonio Spurs. In March of that year, he looked straight into the TV camera during a time out and shouted:
"Hey kids, do drugs."
He thought the camera was turned off, but the light that lights up during a recording was broken and the scene was broadcasted live worldwide. The irony of fate was that Pollard, as a convinced Mormon, had never used drugs.
The New York Daily News released that professional boxer Jameel "Big Time" McCline (1970-) in 2005 and 2006 spent more than twelve thousand dollars on drugs. Signature Pharmacy provided him with stanozolol, nadrolone, growth hormones, testosterone and tamoxifen, but he was allowed to keep his world title because he was never caught. In early 2014, it was announced that the Orlando, Florida police had arrested four Signature Pharmacy executives and thoroughly questioned 24 others, in what was described as an even greater scandal than the BALCO affair in the field of anabolic distribution. The names of famous athletes and celebrities were cited as regular customers at Signature Pharmacy. The researchers found solid evidence that professional baseball players, American football players, a former Mr. Olympia, college athletes, high school coaches and the doctor of the Pittsburgh Steelers football team bought testosterone and other performance enhancing drugs. With his credit card, Doctor Richard A. Rydze (1950-), a former American diving champion, bought one hundred and fifty thousand dollars in growth hormones and testosterone. As an excuse, he mentioned that the products were intended to treat his patients. An unnamed physician from Albany even bought forbidden products for two hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
American Roy Jones (1969-) collected a lot of world titles in the middle weights, super middle weights, light heavy weights and heavy weights. He was caught using androstenedione, but that product banned by the International Boxing Federation was freely available in US drug stores.
After he had already tested positive for anabolics in 1995, Mariano Carrera (1980-) was caught again in 2007. In Berlin, after the won fight against Spaniard Javier Castillejo (1968-) for the world title, clenbuterol was found in the Argentinian's urine.
Mexican Orlando Salido (1980-) tested positive after he beat American Robert Guerrero (1983-) for the world title in the feather weights. With him, nandrolone was involved. Salido denied that he had used that product and asked for a counter expertise. That yielded a negative result, which allowed him to return to the ring.
The 2m06 large Let Kaspars Kambala (1978-), nicknamed 'KAS' or 'More than Rocky Balboa', played professionally basketball in the Turkish Fenerbahçe and was suspended for doping use.
Due to cocaine use, he was suspended for fourteen months in April 2007. Kas went on appeal and got another ten months on top, after which he decided to become a professional boxer during that suspension
Tyler Walker (1979-), an American racing pilot from the NASCAR circuit, was banned from the racetracks in May because he was caught for forbidden medicaton. In January 2013, after a hellish pursuit through Utah, Arizona and Nevada, he was arrested and convicted of drug and alcohol use.
American NASCAR pilot Aaron Fike (1982-), the younger brother of A.J. Fike (1980-), who was no longer allowed to race for five years due to doping, was arrested in July together with his girlfriend Casi Davidson, after trying to escape a police control. Syringes filled with a brown liquid were found in his car, and Fike admitted that it was heroin he and his girlfriend used. After being locked up for four days, he wriggled across the floor in the cell because of the heroin urge. A few days later, NASCAR suspended him and the Red Horse Racing team fired him. He was sentenced to two years of probation and had to follow a compulsory withdrawal program. During an interview in 2008, he confessed that he regularly had used painkillers and heroin during his racing period.
British batsman and bowler Paul Smith (1964-) played cricket at Warwickshire from 1982 to 1996. In 1997 he confessed the use of cannabis, cocaine and speed. That confession earned him a two-year suspension, after which he went to the United States. In Los Angeles, he became involved with 'Cricket without frontiers', a project aimed at keeping young people from crime. In 2007, Smith published the revealing autobiography "Wasted?" in which he gave a rare insight into the pitfalls of fame, the shortcomings of the way authorities approached the fight against drugs, and even more how he had set himself the goal of changing his life. He also revealed that at least ten other famous English cricket players were on doping. The suspension had turned his life upside down, he was emotionally and financially broken.
Other players have since experienced the same thing, such as Shane Warne (1969-), Keith Piper (1969-) and Dermot Reeve (1963-) to name but three.
In March 2007, six cases of sudden death among young riders were announced, three of which raised questions.
During a house search, the Kortrijk public prosecutor found large quantities of doping products among carers and riders of the Belgian Quick-Step team. Belgian politician and former judo coach Jean Marie Dedecker (1952-) had already revealed the year before that something was wrong. Patrick Lefevere (1955-), the manager of Quick-Step, however, denied the facts.
The Belgian newspaper 'Het Laatste Nieuws', published the article titled '30 years of dealing and kicking the habit, cheating and tattling, amphetamines and epo', in which witnesses claimed that Lefevere himself had to stop cycling because he was addicted to the amphetamines he traded. An Italian top physician who treated the Lefevere's riders told about the golden years of the Mapei team
"Growth hormones came from the pharmacy, the riders usually ordered epo via the internet. If you wanted to ride a good season, you had to spend between 20,000 and 30,000 euros, products included. Lefevere knew about it, saw it happen, and approved it all."
"Absolute nonsense and bullshit," was Lefevre's reaction to the allegations, "the article does indeed contain very serious allegations. The invoice I will present will be corresponding."
In February, former French professional riders Rene Foucachon (1966-) and Pierre-Henri Menthéour (1960-2014) were conditionally sentenced to three and six months respectively. As sports director of the 'Cyclisme en Finistère' team, Menthéouir would have encouraged and facilitated the use of doping, Foucachon supplied him with epo and anabolics smuggled from Italy. Menthéour, who had since become a cameraman at Eurosport, died of cancer in 2014. Rumors have it that the disease was caused by the 'rejuvenation therapy', which French physician Bernard Sainz (1943-) - the notorious 'Dr. Mabuse' - had prescribed him.
In February, Italian Marco Fertonani (1976-) tested positive for testosterone in the Tour of the Mediterranean, for which he was suspended for two years.
In March, a Belgian investigating judge filed a complaint against nineteen members of the former Lotto Team, among whom the accused included sports director Jean-Luc Vandenbroucke (1955-) and rider Thierry Marichal (1973-). Marichal traded the 'pot belge', Vandenbroucke cheated with accounting. The ball started rolling after the positive test of Uzbek Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (1964-) in the 1997 Tour de France.
In his biography from 2007 Bo Hamburger (1970-) announced that he had used EPO from 1995 to 1997. However, the Dane had previously strongly denied that he had used prohibited drugs during his sporting career.
German Matthias Kessler (1979-) finished fourth in the Flêche Wallone. His pee after the Belgian classic, however, showed traces of testosterone. The excuse was that he had used a product from a package with Chinese characters, which he did not understand. Astana fired him and he got the usual two-year suspension.
In May one of the best-known soigneurs from the cycling squad published his memoirs 'En maar spuiten, en maar zwijgen. Iedereen was op de hoogte. Er waren geen geheimen' (And just inject, and just keep silent. Everyone was informed. There were no secrets). In the peloton, Jef D'hont (1941-) was known as 'Jef Bidon', because he filled the water bottle of his riders with a cocktail of caffeine, persantine and alupent, which made them invincible according to him.
"I also injected the Telekom riders with tens of thousands of Epo units"
Spanish and Italian teams came to him, including the caretaker of Miguel Indurain (1964-). Eighty kilometers before the finish the riders drank their water bottle empty, half an hour later they already felt the effect. According to D'hont, Roger De Vlaeminck (1947-) won Milan-San Remo and his first Paris-Roubaix that way, moreover he was not caught. Supposedly also with the help of D’hont, Fons De Wolf (1956-) won the Primavera. The stuff was later offered in syringes and Marc Demeyer (1950-1982) used it to get over the mountains smoothly.
May 3, 2007
The memoirs of D’hont caused a snowball effect. On May 3, T-Mobile fired its two sports physicians Andreas Schmid and Lothar Heindrich, because they had experimented with EPO in the 1996 Tour de France.
May 21, 2007
German Bert Dietz (1969-) was the first who admitted that he had used EPO during the Tour de France.
May 22, 2007
German Christian Henn (1964-) was the next in the row:
"That's how it was back then: either you were at the top or you were outside."
May 23, 2007
German Udo Bölts (1966-) publicly admitted his use of EPO and growth hormones during the Tour de France of 1996 and 1997. As a result of this confession, Bölts subsequently resigned as sports director of the Gerolsteiner team.
May 24, 2007
The Germans Rolf Aldag (1968-) and Erik Zabel (1970-) confessed that they had used EPO during the 1996 Tour de France. Zabel added that he only experimented for a week, but stopped because of serious side effects, such as excessive sweating and a weak pulse. He also publicly apologized for the lies from the past about his EPO usage.
May 24, 2007
Lothar Heinrich and Andreas Schmid, the two dismissed sports physicians at T-Mobile, admitted that they were helping dopants in the 1990s. But Schmid added:
"The athletes knew what they were doing and they have never been obligated to it."
May 25, 2007
Danish Bjarne Riis (1964-) won the Tour de France in 1996, but after the confession of his teammates, he also admitted that he had done so with the help of EPO, growth hormones and cortisone:
"At some point, doping was part of my daily life."
Riis stated that he bought the EPO himself and injected it, but that Belgian team director Walter Godefroot turned a blind eye to the use of doping in his team.
May 25, 2007
Walter Godefroot (1943-) responded the same day:
"In 1996, I was the first to inform the UCI that in the peloton peculiar things were happening which were detrimental to the health of the riders. I was not involved at all in the medical supervision of the riders. I have encouraged no one to use doping, but I felt that abnormal things were happening."
In connection with Godefroot, Jef D’hont (1941-) wrote in his book:
"Everything that could not be detected during a control was not a doping according to Walter."
June 7, 2007
On June 7, the organizers deleted Danish Bjarne Riis (1964-) from the winners list of the 1996 Tour de France.
"He admitted that he was doped, so he cannot be considered the winner of the 1996 Tour," it was said, "it also seems that the UCI has asked him to return his yellow jersey and that he himself thinks he has not been worthy. "
July 13, 2007
A little over a month after the yellow jersey from Bjarne Riis, the green jersey from Erik Zabel (1970-) was also canceled.
Italian Eddy Mazzoleni (1973-) finished third in the Giro d’Italia, but Astana announced on June 16 that it was breaking his contract because he was involved in the Italian doping affair 'Oil for drugs'. One year later Mazzoleni received a two-year suspension from the disciplinary committee of the Italian cycling association.
Kazak Andrey Kashechkin (1980-) tested positive at training camp in Turkey, after which Astana fired him. Because of doping troubles around teammate Aleksandr Vinokurov (1973-) he had not finished the Tour de France.
A few days after his forced departure from the Tour, the German Cycling Federation announced that during an unannounced check in June high testosterone levels had been found in the blood of Patrik Sinkewitz (1980-). After he first strongly denied the accusations, the German made confessions at the end of July. He was immediately fired, was suspended for one year and was fined forty thousand euros. Following the whole event, the German TV channels ARD and ZDF stopped their broadcasts on the Tour de France.
After the Clasica de Almeria Italian Giuseppe Muraglia (1979-) tested positive for the growth hormone hCG. He was put aside for two years and also fired by his team.
Australian Nathan O'Neill (1974-) was primarily a time trial specialist. In August during the Tour of Elke Grove he delivered a positive test for phentermine. The verdict was a fifteen months suspension and his contract with Health Net Pro Cycling was dissolved.
In September, T-Mobile thanked Italian Lorenzo Bernucci (1979-) for rendered services after he tested positive to Sibutramine. In 2011, he was suspended for five years because the police had discovered several illegal drugs in the event of a raid on his home. His team Lampre fired him.
In November the German weekly magazine Focus reported that Jan Ullrich (1973-) had doped during the 1997 Tour de France he won. The magazine relied on tapped phone calls between his Belgian sports director Rudy Pevenage (1954-) and Jef D'hont (1941-), Telekom's former Belgian caregiver. D'hont revealed in his memoirs that he had injected Ulrich with EPO in 1996.
A study in Cameroon revealed massive doping use in local football. More than half of the 1,115 questioned confessed the use of cannabis and cocaine. 54% of pharmacists agreed that they were regularly confronted with prescriptions for stimulants, anabolics and corticosteroids.
In June former German national trainer Peter Neururer (1955-) stated to 'Sport Bild' that Captagon was highly sought after by football players at the end of the 1980s and that at least 50% of them used the product.
"You could see which player had swallowed Captagon. His eyes were strange, he was no longer tired and reacted extremely bizarre. Sometimes it was complete madness."
Neururer's statements were endorsed by Jens Lehmann (1969-) (photo), ex-goalie of the national team, Günter Schlipper (1962-), ex-professional at Schalke 04 and the trainers Benno Möhlmann (1954-) and Hans- Werner Moors (1950).
Asked for his opinion on doping, former German international Paul Breitner (1951-) replied:
"Why should a football player who is convinced that thanks to doping he gets a permanent place in the team, that he will contribute to the victory or that he can earn more money, not use doping? The motivation to be doped is as big with footballers as with cyclists. I have seen enough games where I had players in front of me with the foam on their mouths. They couldn't even look straight ahead anymore."
Gabonese Henri Antchouet (1979-) who played high-level football in Portugal. received a two-year suspension after a positive doping test in August.
Michael Arroyo (1987-) from Equador played offensive midfielder at Emelec and was caught using marijuana after the game against Deportiva Cuenca. He was sentensed for six months.
Marco Borriello (1982-) played soccer at AC Milan in the Italian highest division, but after the game against AS Roma traces of cortisone were found, for which he was suspended for three months.
Alban Dragusha (1981-), an Albanian football player of Kosovan origin, was suspended for two years after the UEFA cup match of his team FK Bežanija against the Serbian Fudbalski klub Bežanija because he had used prohibited substances.
Stan Lazaridis (1972-), an Australian football player with Greek roots, was suspended by the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority for twelve months because of the use of Finasteride, a remedy for baldness that masks the use of prohibited products.
Jamie Stuart (1976-) played defender with the English Charlton Athletic. In 1997 he had already tested positive for cocaine and cannabis, for which he was then given six months. In November 2007 he was caught again and his club fired him. Stuart was the fourth Charlton player in three years to get caught.
Brazilian Ricardo Lucas (1974-), better known as Dodô, tested positive for amphetamines after the game Botafogo-Vasco da Gama. The Brazilian Football Association suspended him first for thirty days, but then acquitted him. FIFA and WADA appealed against this to the International Sports Court, that suspended him for two years.
Brazilian Romario (1966-), former player of PSV Eindhoven and Barcelona, played football in his home country at the end of his career, but he was suspended for four months after testing positive for Finasterid, a hair growth agent that masks the use of anabolics.
American Sean Hill (1970-) played professional ice hockey with the New York Islanders. He tested positive for boldenone in the 2007 quarterfinals against the Buffalo Sabers and he was suspended for 20 games.
In terms of doping use, the year 2007 was a low point for the mixed martial arts practitioners.
American Jason Winthers went too far. After his loss to fellow countryman Richard Blake (1976-) by technical KO, it came to light that he had used Stanozolol, Methadone and Morphine, but the veterinary medicine Trenbolone was also found in his urine. The verdict was four thousand dollars fine and 21 months suspension.
Adam Smith (1982-) tested positive for steroids, cocaine and marijuana. He was granted a 21-month suspension and a fine of four thousand dollars.
American Sean Keith Sherk (1973-) was caught using Nandrolone after his victory against Brazilian Hermes Franca (1974-). The Brazilian himself had been at Drostanolone. Both received a fine of $ 2,500 and were suspended for a year.
American Kit Cope (1977-) took Boldenone and was fined 1,167 dollars plus a nine-month suspension.
Barely 38 seconds after the whistle, former NFL player Johnnie Morton (1971-) went against the canvas in his fight against Bernard Ackach (1972-). The doping test afterwards showed that the American had a testosterone ratio of 8.39, where that may normally only be 6. He was fined 2,500 dollars, had to give up his hundred thousand dollar wage and he never returned to the ring.
Brazilian Royce Grace (1966-) tested positive for Nandrolone and also received a $ 2,500 fine and a one-year suspension.
American Jorge Ortis (1976-) had to stop his fight against fellow countryman Jesse Taylor (1983-) for technical KO, but was caught on Nadrolone and was fined 2,500 dollars and a one-year suspension.
After his loss by technical KO against Mexican American Frank Shamrock (1972-), Phil Baroni (1976-) tested positive for Boldenone and Stanozolol, which cost him a year of suspension and 2,500 dollars. On appeal, the suspension was reduced to six months.
After his loss by technical KO against Frenchman Jess Liaudin (1975-) it turned out that Hawaiian Anthony Torres (1973-) had used anabolics.
Because of a broken rib, Canadian Bill Mahoud (1967-) had to stop his fight against American Bobby Soutworth (1969-). After the fight it turned out that he had used Drostanolone and that earned him a one-year suspension and a $ 2,500 fine.
American Ruben Villareal (1970-) lost his fight against compatriot Jimmy Ambriz (1977-) by technical KO, but was caught using 4-Hydroxytestosterone after the match. A year of suspension and a $ 2,500 fine was the result.
Brazilian Alexander Crispim (1976-), a second dan jiu jitsu, also practiced mixed martial arts. After his victory against American Clint Coronel (1981-) it appeared that he had taken Desoxymethyltestosterone and he also got a one-year suspension and a $ 2,500 fine.
American Dennis Hallman (1975-) defeated countryman Jermeiah Metcalf (1980-) very convincingly, but it turned out that he had done so with the help of Drostanolone and Nandrolone, for which he was suspended for a year and was allowed to cough up 2,500 dollars.
Third Judo dan Kazuhiro Nakamura (1979-) also focused on mixed martial arts, but was caught using marijuana after a match. He received a fine of five hundred dollars and a three-month suspension for this
In May, German mountain biker Ivonne Kraft (1970-) tested positive for fenoterol, a product for the treatment of asthma. She came off with a warning because she quoted as an excuse that she apparently accidentally inhaled the product when her mother's inhaler exploded.
In August, Austrian mountain biker Michael Weiss (1981-) was suspended because of too high hematocrit values in his blood. In 2009, fellow countryman, former cyclist and doping sinner Bernhard Kohl (1982-) accused him of new doping use. In April 2010, the Austrian Anti-Doping Commission acquitted him after an investigation. In 2011, however, he got two years for a doping offense from 2005, where blood doping was applied.
Sireli Masibalavu Naqelevuki (1980-) from the Fiji Islands, tested positive for cannabis, for which he was suspended for three months.
Rupeni Caucaunibuca (1980-) from the Fiji Islands delivered a positive pee on marijuana which meant three months of watching. It was also the reason why he was not called for the World Cup.
Vilimoni Delasau (1977-) from the Fiji Islands also delivered a positive pee for cannabis, he was set aside for eight months.
Fifteen Austrian biathletes, caregivers and officials were suspended for life because they had used or supplied doping during the Winter Olympics. The Austrian Olympic Committee had to pay a fine of one million dollars.
Russian Irina Khazova (1984-) was caught using furosemide during her training camp in Turkey and suspended for two years.
On the last day of the World Cup cross country in Japan's Saporo, Russian Sergey Shiryayev (1983-) finished eleventh in the 15km. After a positive EPO test, however, he was removed from the ranking and together with two Russian coaches he was suspended for two years.
Kazak Yevgeniy Koshevoy (1984-) also participated in the cross country, but was caught for testosterone after 7.5 km and suspended for two years
Austrian cross-country skier Johannes Eder (1979-) finished fourth in the 15km. In November, the International Ski Federation announced that Eder and his compatriots Roland Diethard (1973-), Jurgen Pinter (1979-) and Martin Tauber (1976-) were suspended for two years because they had delivered a positive doping test during the Winter Olympics the year before. Later that sentence was converted to lifelong suspension.
24-year old double player Marcelo Melo (1983-) was suspended for two months after a positive test for isometeptine during The Artois Championships in London. The Brazilian received that mild punishment because it had not been proven that he had used the drug to increase his performance.
Swiss Martina Hingis (1980-), once number one for 209 weeks in women's tennis, winner of five Grand Slam titles in the single and no fewer than nine in double, announced her departure in November 2007 after a positive cocaine test at Wimbledon. She denied the use and appealed the suspension imposed. According to her, someone had thrown white sweetener-like pills into her juice. It didn't matter, because the penalty was retained and Hingis had to refund the prize money won.
At the Open de Moselle, an indoor tennis tournament in Metz, France, cocaine traces were found with German Maximilian Abel (1982-), for which he was suspended for two years. In April 2008, he was arrested for credit card fraud and sentenced to three months in prison.
Austrian hurdler runner Elmar Lichtenegger (1974-) tested positive a second time, after which the Austrian Athletics Association suspended him for life.
After a meeting, it turned out that Russian long jumper Ekaterina Koneva (1988-) had used testosterone, for which she was suspended for two years.
Patric Suter (1977-) held the Swiss record hammer throw. His trainer was former Russian champion Wassili Sidorenko (1961-), who had won the European title in 1994 and who had won the bronze medal at the 1997 World Cup. After throwing the limit for the 2007 World Cup in Osaka, Suter did not show up for a doping control. Reason enough for the Swiss federation to keep him at home. As an excuse, Suter explained that he had trained that period in Georgia. It earned him a three-month suspension and he decided to stop doing top sport. In June 2009 he was arrested for a triple homocide, which he also confessed. The subsequent investigation revealed that Suter belonged to the same group of addicts as the three victims. He was imprisoned for life together with two fellow offenders.
For his involvement in the doping affair Oil-for-Drugs around Italian sports physician Carlo Santuccione (1947-), pole vaulter Giuseppe Gibilisco (1979-) was suspended by the Italian Olympic Committee for two years. Gibilisco himself, however, was never caught, even though he frequently consulted the Spanish sports physician Eufemiano Fuentes (1955-).
After a positive test for acetazolamide, six-time Russian hammer throw champion Ilya Konovalov (1971-) received a two-year suspension.
During an unannounced check during training, Russian marathon runner Ljubow Denissowa (1971-) tested positive for prostanozolol and testosterone. The winner of the Grandma's Marathon, the Long Beach Marathon and the Honululu Marathon was suspended for two years.
Romanian Mihaela Botezan (1976-) failed after the Hamburg marathon. The doping test showed the use of chlortalidone and that cost her two years of suspension.
In May, Russian hammer throwers Yekaterina Khoroshikh (1983-) and Tatjana Lysenko (1983-) tested positive for 6-Alpha-Methyl-Androstendion, they were suspended for two years. Lysenko's world record of 78m61 was deleted off the tables.
Corina Dumbravean (1984-) was crowned Romanian 800 and 1500 m champion in 2005 . That same year, during the European Championship indoor in Madrid, she captured the silver medal at the 1500m and she won the same event in the Balkan championship. In November 2007, she tested positive, resulting in a two-year suspension. In June 2010, she refused a doping test, which meant a lifelong suspension.
After the Asian Games, triathlon winner Wang Hongni (1982-) was suspended for two years because of testosterone use at training camp, which meant the Chinese could forget the Olympics in her home country.
The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) announced two-year suspension for Mitchell Mann (1989-) after testing positive for Clenbuterol twice.
The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) confirmed that the investigation by American Richard Young (1954-) revealed an organized drug gang within the Australian weightlifter scene.
Sergo Chakhoyan (1969-) tested positive for benzylpiperazine. Chakhoyan was born in Armenia, but represented later Australia. During the 2001 Goodwill Games in Brisbane, he tested positive for the first time and then he was suspended for two years. In April 2007 he failed a test again, reason why he got a life sentence.
The three other 'perpetrators' were Camilla Fogagnolo (1986-) and Jenna Myers (1986-), two female weightlifters from Tasmania and Australian Corran Hocking (1980-).
"These suspensions prove ASADA's determination to protect the integrity of weightlifting in Australia," Chairman Richard Ings said, "Clenbuterol is a performance enhancing agent commonly used to treat asthma on purebred horses. It has steroidal properties and therefore its use is prohibited for athletes."
After the European Championships in Strasbourg, Albanian Fetie Kasaj (1985-) had to hand in her silver medal, because she tested positive for anabolica.
Two years suspension for Romanian Valeriu Calancea (1980-) after he was caught using methandienone during the World Cup in Thailand.
Bulgarian born Turk Halil Mutlu (1973-) won three Olympic titles, five World Cups and nine European Championships and he improved twenty times a world record. In April 2007, however, he tested positive, the nandrolone he had used earned him a two-year suspension.
Pole Michal Wilk (1981-) lost his silver medal from the World Cup 2007 after being caught doping.
Indian Vicky Batta (1981-) was caught using metandienone, which earned him a two-year suspension. When that happened again during an unannounced check on training in 2009, he was suspended for life.
Norwegian Gudrun Høie (1970-) won the world championship free style wrestling in 1989, 1990, 1993 and 1998. That last year she added a European title Sumo wrestling. In 2007 she came in the news because she had not entered her whereabouts. Due to the associated suspension, she could not participate at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing.